加入收藏 设为首页
首页 | 威廉希尔简介 | 新闻中心 | 威廉希尔指数 | 网上超市 | 客服中心 | 加盟合作 | 威廉希尔 官网网址 | 威廉希尔论坛 | 联系威廉希尔 | 远程监控
  首 页 > 威廉希尔指数 > 威廉希尔指数

徽州茶文化|徽州茶俗

【字体: 】【2013-5-5】 【作者/来源 威廉希尔网】 【阅读: 次】 【关 闭

徽州 地处皖南山区,山灵水秀,土质肥沃,树遍布。区云雾弥漫、空气清新、质优良,属高山类,是国内重点区之一。“祁红”、“屯绿”历史悠久,驰名中外;“黄山毛峰”、“太平猴魁”、“顶谷大方”名列全国十大名茶之中;“白岳黄芽”、“黄山绿牡丹”、“黄山银钩”、“金山时雨”、“歙县花茶”、“休宁松萝”、“太平奎尖”、“竹铺大方”、“紫霞莲蕊”、“石墨”、“香风”、“茗洲”……都为中珍品。

   徽州文化涉及道、文艺、礼俗、饮习、建筑等与有关的文化活动,是融诗文、书画、歌舞等艺术于一体,集经济、宗教、思想、民俗、医学、旅游、园艺、食品、陶瓷工艺于一堂的文化现象。徽州植始于南朝,文化源远流长,成为博大精深的徽州文化的一个重要组成部分。

   徽州道讲究以立德、以陶情、以会友、以敬宾,注重环境、气氛,场地一般选择在园林庭院、竹坞流泉边上,追求的是汤清、气清、心清、境雅、器雅、人雅。道器具有风炉、石鼎、瓷瓶、盛炭篮、涤器桶、铜火箸、竹洗、竹杓、秆、竹筅帚、竹匙、壶、盏等。水以泉水为上,河水中,井水次。道程序主要有: 1、静气。排除杂念。2、烹汤。烹器须无异味,一般用瓦器、锡壶;火须旺炽无烟,文武相宜;汤分三沸,鱼目为一沸,缘边泉涌为二沸,奔涛溅沫为三沸。3、焚香。敬神陆羽。4、涤器。盏用白瓷,盏不洁则损味,洗涤后用干净布擦干备用。5、烫盏。祛荡寒气,盏热面聚乳,盏冷色不浮。6、赏。察色,观形,闻香。7、投。先后汤曰下投;汤半下,复以汤满曰中投;先汤后曰上投。以三至五克为宜。8、洗。用沸水少许,浸润叶,后将汤汁弃去,去尘祛冷,浸润张发。9、注汤。用三沸水,壶高水急,汤均匀,水至七分,盖少顷。10、敬。举案齐眉,以敬客,以为礼。11、闻香。约3分钟,盖揭一缝,香气溢出,沁人肺腑,以真香为上。12、观色。绿茶以青翠为胜,汤清叶绿,浑黄者次之。13、品味。轻啜一口于齿颊间灌漱,再徐饮慢品,俟甘津潮舌,才得之真味。品有活、甘、清、香之分,香而清、甘而活,方为名品。14、上食。奉上水果、干丝等食品,以佐品茶。15、论。或谈论,或吟诗,或泼墨作画以助兴。

   文士以儒雅风流为特征;富士讲求高堂花厅、具华贵、形精美、气度豪华,注重气派、享受,因为徽州多徽商,拥资千万、老归乡里者比比皆是;农家注重内美不重外形,讲求真诚,乡土气息浓郁;道家以齐云山为本土,敬天祈地是道家的思想特征,寄情返朴归真。每种道都有几道乃至数十道讲究的表演程序。宋代史志学家罗愿有一首《岩》诗,是宋代徽州道的真实写照:“岩下才经昨夜雨,风炉与鼎一时来。便将槐火煎岩溜,听作松风万壑回。”

   在徽州人生礼仪中,尚有“三六礼”的婚俗,“三”即接待宾客时必备的清、枣栗、鸡子。在徽州民间,采歌、采戏、采舞、民谣、传说故事广为流传。黔太古道羊栈岭亭上曾有一副清代汪谦予撰写的楹联:“南南北北,总须历此关头,且坐断铁门槛,办夏水冬汤,接应过去现在未来,三世诸佛上天下地;东东西西,阿谁瞒了脚跟,试竖起金刚拳,敲晨钟暮鼓,唤醒眼耳鼻舌身意,六道众生吃饭穿衣。”楹联 74字,将佛像、禅理、人生、亭融为一体,深入浅出,如叙家常,如参禅偈。

  说徽州文化必谈徽商,徽商曾驰骋中国商界长达三四百年,而商又是徽商中的一支劲旅。 862年,歙州司马张途在《祁门县新修阊门溪记》一文中记载,当时祁门县山上遍植叶,百分之七八十的人靠业为生,每年二三月新上市,商云集。明清是徽州商的鼎盛时期,清乾隆年间,徽商在北京设有行七家、庄百家以上,在津、沪开庄也不下百家,著名的商有汪晋和、王云翔、吴荣寿等。在歙县古村昌溪,“吴周漆”曾名扬天下。

  “祁红”,条素清秀,色泽乌润,泡在杯中汤色红艳明亮,入口醇厚甜润。“屯绿”外形匀称,结构严谨,冲泡时色泽灰绿淡润,汤色清郁,味浓醇爽。“黄山毛峰”更是中之极品,形似雀舌,峰显毫秀,色如象牙,片片金黄,香味清雅,汤色明亮,冠压群芳。相比较起来,“太平猴魁”则既不先声夺人,也不标新立异,以一种含蓄的内在的力量,品质拔萃,色香味超群而“夺魁。”其外形两叶包一芽,平扁挺直,宛如橄榄枝,叶面苍绿匀润,背显脉藏,又如云追月。入得杯中冲泡,忽然间“刀枪云集”、“龙飞凤舞”,芽叶成朵,香气袭人。经久耐泡,余味无穷。 据《徽州府志》载,徽州种,“始于宋之嘉祐,兴于明之隆庆”。许次杼的《疏》说:“天下名山,必产灵草;江南地暖,故独宜。徽州历史悠久,传世的文字记载就有一千二百多年;徽州品种繁多,在中国十大名茶的行列中,黄山毛峰、太平猴魁、祁门红茶均榜上有名;徽州品质优良,香高味醇,营养丰富;徽州殊荣也多,仅祁门红茶就荣获过两次国际金奖。徽州文化更是积淀丰厚,历朝历代的诗、画、著举不胜举,商更是成绩斐然、有口皆碑;吴裕泰、张一元等老字号至今仍然熠熠生辉,胡适、陶行知等也是爱之人,徽州俗更是独树一帜……。在当今中国,一个地区拥有如此丰富的资源可以说是独一无二,凤毛麟角。

  版权所有:威廉希尔 技术支持:威廉希尔指数
联系电话:+86(0564)3239219 3326388 皖ICP备05015517号
免费客服电话:800-868-3568 客服QQ:358540407 电子邮箱:www.chinaccia.org
地  址:安徽省六安市天堂寨路光彩国际茶叶市场D06-102 访问人数:45068
griffeys outlet nike griffeys outlet nike griffeys outlets griffey shoes outlets griffey shoes outlet griffeys outlets griffey shoes griffeys shoes griffeys griffeys 2012 cheap griffeys ken griffey sneakers griffey sneakers ken griffey shoes womens griffey shoes griffey shoes for women nike griffey shoes griffey nike shoes ken griffey jr shoes griffey jr shoes ken griffey shoes 2012 nike air griffey max 1 king griffey shoes king griffey jr shoes king griffey sneakers griffey fury shoes air max griffey shoes griffey max 1 cheap griffeys 2012 cheap griffeys 2011 2012 griffeys nike griffeys ken griffey shoes sale griffey shoes sale nike griffey shoes cheap nike griffey shoes red griffey shoes blue griffey shoes white griffey shoes black griffey shoes green griffey shoes purple griffey shoes pink griffey shoes ken griffey shoes 2012 nike griffey shoes outlet nike shoes outlet cheap griffeys shoes nike griffey sneakers
griffey shoes ken griffey shoes griffeys griffeys sneakers griffeys shoes nike griffey shoes sale air griffey 1 air griffey 2 air griffey 3 ken griffey sneakers ken griffey shoes outlet nike griffey shoes womens womens nike griffey shoes womens griffey shoes womens ken griffey shoes ken griffey shoes 2011 nike griffey shoes 2011 cheap griffeys griffeys 2012 griffeys 2011 ken griffey jr shoes king griffey shoes king griffey sneakers king griffey jr shoes griffey jr shoes nike griffey jr shoes ken griffey shoes sale griffey shoes sale nike griffey shoes cheap nike griffey shoes red griffey shoes blue griffey shoes white griffey shoes black griffey shoes green griffey shoes purple griffey shoes pink griffey shoes ken griffey shoes 2012 nike griffey shoes outlet nike shoes outlet cheap griffeys shoes nike griffey sneakers girls griffey shoes griffey shoes for girls kids griffey shoes griffey shoes foe kids griffey shoes us hyperdunk 2011 nike hyperdunk 2011 nike hyperdunk shoes nike hyperdunk sneakers Nike Zoom Rookie LWP Air Foamposite Penny Hardaway Penny Hardaway shoes nike Penny Hardaway nike Penny Hardaway shoes nike Penny shhoes nike Hardaway shoes nike penny rookie 2011 nike penny rookie lwp nike penny rookie nike penny rookie shoes
griffey shoes ken griffey shoes griffeys griffeys sneakers griffeys shoes nike griffey shoes sale air griffey 1 air griffey 2 air griffey 3 ken griffey sneakers ken griffey shoes outlet nike griffey shoes womens womens nike griffey shoes womens griffey shoes womens ken griffey shoes ken griffey shoes 2011 nike griffey shoes 2011 cheap griffeys griffeys 2012 griffeys 2011 ken griffey jr shoes king griffey shoes king griffey sneakers king griffey jr shoes griffey jr shoes nike griffey jr shoes ken griffey shoes sale griffey shoes sale nike griffey shoes cheap nike griffey shoes red griffey shoes blue griffey shoes white griffey shoes black griffey shoes green griffey shoes purple griffey shoes pink griffey shoes ken griffey shoes 2012 nike griffey shoes outlet nike shoes outlet cheap griffeys shoes nike griffey sneakers girls griffey shoes griffey shoes for girls kids griffey shoes griffey shoes foe kids griffey shoes us hyperdunk 2011 nike hyperdunk 2011 nike hyperdunk shoes nike hyperdunk sneakers Nike Zoom Rookie LWP Air Foamposite Penny Hardaway Penny Hardaway shoes nike Penny Hardaway nike Penny Hardaway shoes nike Penny shhoes nike Hardaway shoes nike penny rookie 2011 nike penny rookie lwp nike penny rookie nike penny rookie shoes
griffeys outlet nike griffeys outlet nike griffeys outlets griffey shoes outlets griffey shoes outlet griffeys outlets griffey shoes griffeys shoes griffeys griffeys 2012 cheap griffeys ken griffey sneakers griffey sneakers ken griffey shoes womens griffey shoes griffey shoes for women nike griffey shoes griffey nike shoes ken griffey jr shoes griffey jr shoes ken griffey shoes 2012 nike air griffey max 1 king griffey shoes king griffey jr shoes king griffey sneakers griffey fury shoes air max griffey shoes griffey max 1 cheap griffeys 2012 cheap griffeys 2011 2012 griffeys nike griffeys ken griffey shoes sale griffey shoes sale nike griffey shoes cheap nike griffey shoes red griffey shoes blue griffey shoes white griffey shoes black griffey shoes green griffey shoes purple griffey shoes pink griffey shoes ken griffey shoes 2012 nike griffey shoes outlet nike shoes outlet cheap griffeys shoes nike griffey sneakers
griffeys outlet nike griffeys outlet nike griffeys outlets griffey shoes outlets griffey shoes outlet griffeys outlets griffey shoes griffeys shoes griffeys griffeys 2012 cheap griffeys ken griffey sneakers griffey sneakers ken griffey shoes womens griffey shoes griffey shoes for women nike griffey shoes griffey nike shoes ken griffey jr shoes griffey jr shoes ken griffey shoes 2012 nike air griffey max 1 king griffey shoes king griffey jr shoes king griffey sneakers griffey fury shoes air max griffey shoes griffey max 1 cheap griffeys 2012 cheap griffeys 2011 2012 griffeys nike griffeys ken griffey shoes sale griffey shoes sale nike griffey shoes cheap nike griffey shoes red griffey shoes blue griffey shoes white griffey shoes black griffey shoes green griffey shoes purple griffey shoes pink griffey shoes ken griffey shoes 2012 nike griffey shoes outlet nike shoes outlet cheap griffeys shoes nike griffey sneakers
griffeys outlet nike griffeys outlet nike griffeys outlets griffey shoes outlets griffey shoes outlet griffeys outlets griffey shoes griffeys shoes griffeys griffeys 2012 cheap griffeys ken griffey sneakers griffey sneakers ken griffey shoes womens griffey shoes griffey shoes for women nike griffey shoes griffey nike shoes ken griffey jr shoes griffey jr shoes ken griffey shoes 2012 nike air griffey max 1 king griffey shoes king griffey jr shoes king griffey sneakers griffey fury shoes air max griffey shoes griffey max 1 cheap griffeys 2012 cheap griffeys 2011 2012 griffeys nike griffeys ken griffey shoes sale griffey shoes sale nike griffey shoes cheap nike griffey shoes red griffey shoes blue griffey shoes white griffey shoes black griffey shoes green griffey shoes purple griffey shoes pink griffey shoes ken griffey shoes 2012 nike griffey shoes outlet nike shoes outlet cheap griffeys shoes nike griffey sneakers
griffeys outlet nike griffeys outlet nike griffeys outlets griffey shoes outlets griffey shoes outlet griffeys outlets griffey shoes griffeys shoes griffeys griffeys 2012 cheap griffeys ken griffey sneakers griffey sneakers ken griffey shoes womens griffey shoes griffey shoes for women nike griffey shoes griffey nike shoes ken griffey jr shoes griffey jr shoes ken griffey shoes 2012 nike air griffey max 1 king griffey shoes king griffey jr shoes king griffey sneakers griffey fury shoes air max griffey shoes griffey max 1 cheap griffeys 2012 cheap griffeys 2011 2012 griffeys nike griffeys ken griffey shoes sale griffey shoes sale nike griffey shoes cheap nike griffey shoes red griffey shoes blue griffey shoes white griffey shoes black griffey shoes green griffey shoes purple griffey shoes pink griffey shoes ken griffey shoes 2012 nike griffey shoes outlet nike shoes outlet cheap griffeys shoes nike griffey sneakers
griffeys outlet nike griffeys outlet nike griffeys outlets griffey shoes outlets griffey shoes outlet griffeys outlets griffey shoes griffeys shoes griffeys griffeys 2012 cheap griffeys ken griffey sneakers griffey sneakers ken griffey shoes womens griffey shoes griffey shoes for women nike griffey shoes griffey nike shoes ken griffey jr shoes griffey jr shoes ken griffey shoes 2012 nike air griffey max 1 king griffey shoes king griffey jr shoes king griffey sneakers griffey fury shoes air max griffey shoes griffey max 1 cheap griffeys 2012 cheap griffeys 2011 2012 griffeys nike griffeys ken griffey shoes sale griffey shoes sale nike griffey shoes cheap nike griffey shoes red griffey shoes blue griffey shoes white griffey shoes black griffey shoes green griffey shoes purple griffey shoes pink griffey shoes ken griffey shoes 2012 nike griffey shoes outlet nike shoes outlet cheap griffeys shoes nike griffey sneakers